- 58 have been published
- 45 during Chopin's lifetime, of which 41 have opus numbers
- 13 posthumously, of which 8 have posthumous opus numbers
- 11 further mazurkas are known whose MSS are either in private hands (2) or untraced (at least 9).
The serial numbering of the 58 published mazurkas normally goes only up to 51. The remaining 7 are referred to by their key or catalogue number.
His composition of these mazurkas signaled new ideas of nationalism, and influenced and inspired other composers—mostly eastern Europeans—to support their national music.