Trumpet

The trumpet is the flexible soprano of the otherwise not terribly agile brass section.

Instrument: Trumpet

In this film, Alistair Mackie introduces his instrument - the trumpet. Why not download our iPad app, 'The Orchestra', to learn even more? Visit www.philharmonia.co.uk/app for more information.

The Philharmonia's Principal Trumpet Chair is endowed by Daan and Maggie Knottenbelt.

For more information on Chair Endowments, please visit: http://www.philharmonia.co.uk/support/individual/chair_endowment

Introduction

The trumpet is sometimes seen as just a loud instrument, but there is much more to it than that. It is true that it can be extremely loud and that before the days of telecommunications it was one of the best ways to transmit messages across a battlefield, but in the hands of a skilled orchestral player the trumpet is much more flexible than you might imagine. For example, when playing a soft melody with a mute it can sound as gentle and sweet as an oboe (an effect Shostakovich plays with in his First Symphony by switching music between the two). The trumpet can also play extremely rapid sequences of notes or even hold a romantic, lyrical melody. Nevertheless, when a composer really needs to grab everyone's attention and blast out a tune that will pin their ears back, the trumpet really is quite irreplaceable.

Variants

The trumpet is the soprano voice of the brass family. Other forms of trumpet include the flugelhorn and cornet, which are more accurately described as saxhorns. Although cornets are relatively rare in orchestral writing, flugelhorns have seen a surge in popularity in recent years. They are an alto voice, and are pitched in Bb with a written range from F#3 to C6.

 

Fact File

Did you know?

The use of trumpets in orchestras became much more common after Heinrich Stölzel developed the valve in 1814.

Frequency Range

164 Hz - 1.0 kHz

Tube Length

131 cm