Oboe

Historically, the woodwind section was formed around the soprano of the double-reed family, but the oboe has an even more ostentatious pride of place.

Instrument: Oboe

In this film, Timothy Rundle introduces his instrument - the oboe. Why not download our iPad app, 'The Orchestra', to learn even more? Visit www.philharmonia.co.uk/app for more information.

The Philharmonia's Principal Oboe's Chair is endowed by Elizabeth Aitken.

For more information on Chair Endowments, please visit: http://www.philharmonia.co.uk/support/individual/chair_endowment

Introduction

The oboe and its larger relative, the cor anglais both produce a beautiful, sweet, haunting sound. When used as solo instruments the sound is sometimes described as a 'pastoral' sound. This is because they are descended from the type of reed instruments that have been used in folk music and by shepherds the world over for thousands of years. Modern oboes blend superbly with all instruments of the orchestra and can also be surprisingly agile.

The Oboe and the Cor Anglais (or English Horn) are wooden conical bore, double reed instruments. Other types of oboe include the Oboe d'Amore and the Hecklephone. Oboes have been used in orchestras for about 400 years and are among the most established instruments of the orchestra.

The oboe is slightly lower in pitch than the flute and so occupies the alto register in the woodwind section. The cor anglais is a larger relative of the oboe, lower in pitch and is often featured for its more resonant, melancholy tone.

Fact File

Did you know?

There are four types of oboe: baroque, classical, Viennese and modern. Each instrument has a different tonality and/or range.

Frequency Range

233 Hz - 1.6 kHz

Tube Length

62 cm